Cracow, one of the largest cities in Poland, formerly the royal capital city of Poland (see map). Through its history Poland had three capital cities, Gniezno, Cracow and from the mid XVI century it has been Warsaw. The Cracow old town is listed at the UNESCO World Heritage List. It combines Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque architecture.
It was my second time in this city. (Much changed.) We took a high-speed train from Warsaw, and spend the afternoon in the Cracow old town, enjoying architecture and good Polish food. We did not have much time, but we managed to make also a two hour tour in the royal castle cathedral inclusive of climbing up the stairs to see at close Sigismund – the most important bell in Poland. It rings to mark events crucial for the country.
The royal castle, in medieval ages the seat of Polish kings, is located on a hill a bit separate from the old town centre, so you have to take an additional half an hour to reach it. We approached the castle hill to the left side, then entered the castle boundaries, went to the castle internal yard, and went back to visit the cathedral
Below the castle hill, to reach the castle boundaries we turned left.
Inside the castle boundaries. The building to the left is the castle cathedral. To enter the castle internal yard we had to go alongside the cathedral to a gate (like most of the people on the photo) and then turn right.
Inside the castle internal yard.
On our way back to the city. Turning around to see the castle cathedral tower. To reach the place where we started our approach of the castle hill we had to go to the left side of the photo.
The Castle Cathedral is a place were Polish kings had been coronated. It was also the main burial site for kings and prominent Poles like national heroes and poets. One of the kings buried here is Jan III Sobieski, the one who led the Battle of Vienna, decisive for stopping the Ottoman Empire to conquer Europe in the Middle Ages (>>>). The Cathedral itself is located within the Castle boundaries (compare photo above). It means to extend it (like to construct an additional chapel as a tribute to another king) one had to keep it small. The cathedral was originally Gothic, but through years it was extended with other architectural styles. So you can see Renaissance and Baroque architecture, too. The Cathedral is therefore different from those we can visit in other places in Europe. If you are in Cracow do not confuse it with the Basilica located in the main square of the old town. That one does not look very impressive from the outside, but its interiors are worthwhile. They are also different from that you can see elsewhere (unfortunately you cannot do photos inside).
Inside the cathedral tower there is a bell – the most prominent in Poland. Its ringing marks the most important events in the country. At present these are national days (3rd of May and the 11th of November), religious holidays (Poland is traditionally Catholic) as well as important events for the country like anniversaries or funerals of prominent Poles.
The bell is called Sigismund after the king who commissioned it. It was cast in 1520, weighs almost 13 tonnes and requires 12 bell-ringers to swing it. To see Sigismund that close, one has to climb a couple of hundred steep steps.
Many tourist come to Cracow on weekends taking trains or flying in. There are many restaurants offering Polish traditional food as well as many discos and night clubs.
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