Trastevere is a part of Rome, on the west bank of the Tiber, south of Vatican City. In Latin it was called trans Tiberim that means ‘beyond the Tiber‘. In the ancient past it was populated by the poorest. Today it is considered the oldest part of Rome and is very popular with Romans and tourists.

During out trip to Rome we just walked around the streets. We stopped only to eat an ice cream. A friend of mine whose mother is living in Rome, told me lately that each time he is visiting her he goes out with friends there to spend an evening and enjoy a good meal. Visiting Trastevere is simply on the must-do list.

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Castel Sant’Angelo and Ponte Sant’Angelo

Castel Sant’Angelo or originally Mausoleum of Hadrian is one of the best preserved ancient buildings in Rome. It was originally built to serve as a mausoleum for the Roman emperor Hadrian and his family. A legend says that Archangel Michael appeared on its top to one of the popes. To commemorate this, the mausoleum was renamed to ‘Castel Sant’Angelo’. Later through ages, Castle St. Angelo was utilised by popes as their proper castle (as well as a prison) serving also for defence purposes. A secret passage was constructed to link it with the Vatican and facilitate escape when necessary. As in case of other Roman buildings some building elements and artwork used in its original decoration were taken to be used at Saint Peter’s.


The Sant’Angelo bridge that leads directly to the castle was built in the ancient times as well. Today it is a pedestrian zone. Its current design with ten statues of angels is of Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Bernini managed to finish however only two of the ten statues. The remaining angels are works of other sculptors. (Photo by Pexels)

jma_archangel_michaelSt. Michael or Archangel Michael is a figure recognized in a number of religious systems. In Christianity he is one of archangels (usually three or seven, depending on the religion), probably the most important one. He is often presented with a sword as he is the commander of the God’s army or with a balance as he is the one, who decides a person’s fate after death sending them to heaven or hell. In the early ages the archangel was told to appear to people (important people) and ask them to build churches or monasteries in his name. Mount St. Michel in the French Normandy is another prominent example. On the picture right a statue of Archangel Michael located on top of yet another famous church in Europe – the Sacre Coeur Basilica in Paris.

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Cosmati mosaics

jma_lateran_06Floor mosaics in the main nave of the Lateran Archbasilica in Rome. 

The mosaics are the so-called Cosmati style mosaics. Cosmati was a Roman family of artists. They specialised among others in designing and making of mosaics. You will find them in many churches in Rome.

Lateran Archbasilica, although located far beyond Vatican city belongs to the Holy See (the Vatican state.)

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