Trastevere is a part of Rome, on the west bank of the Tiber, south of Vatican City. In Latin it was called trans Tiberim that means ‘beyond the Tiber‘. In the ancient past it was populated by the poorest. Today it is considered the oldest part of Rome and is very popular with Romans and tourists.

During out trip to Rome we just walked around the streets. We stopped only to eat an ice cream. A friend of mine whose mother is living in Rome, told me lately that each time he is visiting her he goes out with friends there to spend an evening and enjoy a good meal. Visiting Trastevere is simply on the must-do list.

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Cosmati mosaics

jma_lateran_06Floor mosaics in the main nave of the Lateran Archbasilica in Rome. 

The mosaics are the so-called Cosmati style mosaics. Cosmati was a Roman family of artists. They specialised among others in designing and making of mosaics. You will find them in many churches in Rome.

Lateran Archbasilica, although located far beyond Vatican city belongs to the Holy See (the Vatican state.)

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Just a ceiling

Galeria Borghese, Rome, the marvelous interiors.

The view you may admire if you look up entering the great hall of the Villa Borghese Pinciana in Rome.  I will not speculate on its size, but the fresco is for sure more than 100 meter big. 

Frescoes was a very popular technique used to decorate ceilings and walls in Rome, in ancient times as well as during the Renaissance. It was adopted in many other places  and countries usually in churches, palaces and villas belonging to the rich. The technique was also applied in China and India. The true fresco technique involves painting with a water-colour on the wet plaster. If the painter did not manage to put colour onto the plaster before it dried up, the plaster had to be removed and put on once again. Frescoes were also painted with a technique called fresco secco, where the painting was applied on a dry plaster. (Secco stands in Italian for dry, fresco – for fresh). The major difference between a true fresco and the fresco secco is its durability. In case of a true fresco during the drying process the colour becomes part of the plastered wall and this way the fresco painting may preserve longer. True frescoes are not suitable as a painting technique for countries where the climate is wet and cold.

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